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“Torn” Notes

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  6. Annabelle Davey, Nathan K. Endres, Robert J. Johnson, and Jasper E. Shealy, “Alpine Skiing Injuries,” Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach 11, no. 1 (2018): pp. 18–26,
  7. Nicholas J. Vaudreuil, Benjamin B. Rothrauff, Darren de SA, and Volker Musahl, “The Pivot Shift: Current Experimental Methodology and Clinical Utility for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture and Associated Injury,” Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine 12, no. 1 (2019): pp. 41–49,
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  11. “Depression,” World Health Organization (World Health Organization, September 13, 2021),
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  14. Saundra M. Tabet, Glenn W. Lambie, and Nedeljko Golubovic, “An Investigation of College Student-Athletes’ Mental Health Stigma, Help-Seeking Attitudes, Depression, Anxiety, and Life Stress Scores Using Structural Equation Modeling,” Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education 15, no. 3 (July 9, 2021): pp. 245–67,
  15. Yvonne Barnes-Holmes, Steven C. Hayes, Dermot Barnes-Holmes, and Bryan Roch., “Relational Frame Theory: A Post-Skinnerian Account of Human Language and Cognition,” Advances in Child Development and Behavior, 2002, pp. 101-138,
  16. Barnes-Holmes et al., “Relational Frame Theory.”
  17. “What Is Relational Frame Theory (Part One),” IronShrink, December 27, 2007,
  18. [1] Steven C. Hayes and Kelly G. Wilson, “Psychopathology and “Psychotherapy,” in Relational Frame Theory: A Post-Skinnerian Account of Human Language and Cognition (New York, NY: Kluwer Acad., Plenum Publ., 2001), p. 215.
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  20. David H. Barlow and Michelle Genevieve Craske, “Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia,” in Clinical Handbook of Psychological Disorders: A Step-by-Step Treatment Manual, 2nd ed. (New York, NY: The Guilford Press, 1993), pp. 1–47.
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  27. Steven C. Hayes, Dermot Barnes Holmes, and Bryan Roche, Relational Frame Theory a Post Skinnerian (New York, NY: Kluwer Academic, 2001).
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  29. Steven C. Hayes, Jason B. Luoma, Frank W. Bond, Akihiko Masuda, and Jason Lillis, “Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: Model, Processes and Outcomes,” Behaviour Research and Therapy 44, no. 1 (January 2006): pp. 1–25,
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  38. Hayes, Strosahl, and Wilson, “Acceptance and Commitment.
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  44. Arch and Craske, “Acceptance and Commitment.”
  45. Arch and Craske, “Acceptance and Commitment.”
  46. Arianna Prudenzi, Brendan Rooney, Giovambattista Presti, Marco Lombardo, Daniele Lombardo, Concetta Messina, and Louise McHugh, “Testing the Effectiveness of Virtual Reality as a Defusion Technique for Coping with Unwanted Thoughts,” Virtual Reality 23, no. 2 (November 8, 2018): pp. 179-185,
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  49. Steven C. Hayes, A Liberated Mind: The Essential Guide to Act (London: Vermilion, 2019).
  50. Paul W.B. Atkins and Robert G. Styles, “Measuring Self and Rules in What People Say: Exploring Whether Self-Discrimination Predicts Long-Term Wellbeing,” Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science 5, no. 2 (April 2016): pp. 71–79,
  51. Chloe Brandrick, Nic Hooper, Bryan Roche, Jonathan Kanter, and Ian Tyndall, “A Comparison of Ultra-Brief Cognitive Defusion and Positive Affirmation Interventions on the Reduction of Public Speaking Anxiety,” The Psychological Record 71, no. 1 (October 6, 2020): pp. 109–117,
  52. James N. Donald, Paul W. Atkins, Philip D. Parker, Alison M. Christie, and Jiesi Guo, “Cognitive Defusion Predicts More Approach and Less Avoidance Coping with Stress, Independent of Threat and Self-Efficacy Appraisals,” Journal of Personality 85, no. 5 (August 12, 2016): pp. 716–729,
  53. Aram Han and Yongrae Cho, “Effects of a Cognitive Defusion Intervention for Undergraduates with Depressive Symptoms Compared with a Distraction Intervention and Non-Treatment Control Conditions,” Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology 39, no. 2 (May 31, 2020): pp. 98–110,
  54. Nic Hooper and Louise McHugh, “Cognitive Defusion versus Thought Distraction in the Mitigation of Learned Helplessness,” The Psychological Record 63, no. 1 (December 10, 2013): pp. 209–18,
  55. Andreas Larsson, Nic Hooper, Lisa A. Osborne, Paul Bennett, and Louise McHugh, “Using Brief Cognitive Restructuring and Cognitive Defusion Techniques to Cope with Negative Thoughts,” Behavior Modification 40, no. 3 (December 18, 2015): pp. 452–482,
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  57. Mike Gross, Zella E. Moore, Frank L. Gardner, Andrew T. Wolanin, Rachel Pess, and Donald R. Marks, “An Empirical Examination Comparing the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment Approach and Psychological Skills Training for the Mental Health and Sport Performance of Female Student Athletes,” International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 16, no. 4 (November 3, 2016): pp. 431–451,
  58. Sarah M. Hasker, “Evaluation of the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) Approach for Enhancing Athletic Performance,” Doctoral Dissertation, Indiana, PA: Indiana University of Pennsylvania., 2010.
  59. Torbjörn Josefsson, Andreas Ivarsson, Henrik Gustafsson, Andreas Stenling, Magnus Lindwall, Rasmus Tornberg, and Jan Böröy, “Effects of Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) on Sport-Specific Dispositional Mindfulness, Emotion Regulation, and Self-Rated Athletic Performance in a Multiple-Sport Population: An RCT Study,” Mindfulness 10, no. 8 (February 13, 2019): pp. 1518–1529,
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  61. Josefsson et al., “Effects of Mindfulness.”
  62. Emily K. Lindsay and J. David Creswell, “Mechanisms of Mindfulness Training: Monitor and Acceptance Theory (MAT),” Clinical Psychology Review 51 (February 2017): pp. 48–59,
  63. Richard Chambers, Eleonora Gullone, and Nicholas B. Allen, “Mindful Emotion Regulation: An Integrative Review,” Clinical Psychology Review 29, no. 6 (August 2009): pp. 560–572,
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  65. Frank L. Gardner and Zella E. Moore, “Mindfulness and Acceptance Models in Sport Psychology: A Decade of Basic and Applied Scientific Advancements.,” Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne 53, no. 4 (2012): pp. 309–318,
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  108. Johan Ormel, A. Bastiaansen, Harriëtte Riese, Elisabeth H. Bos, Michelle Servaas, Mark Ellenbogen, Judith G.M. Rosmalen, and André Aleman, “The Biological and Psychological Basis of Neuroticism: Current Status and Future Directions,” Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 37, no. 1 (January 2013): pp. 59–72,
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